A Flourish With Drums and Trumpets

Banner - first line of score - William Byrd Oxford march

· 24 June 2018 ·
[My eponymous march, including a playlist with variations]

From Act III, Scene 2 of All’s Well That Ends Well:

I know a man that had this trick of
melancholy sold a goodly manor for a song.

[Note: The First Folio says hold instead of sold. Printer’s typo. I wasn’t able to check the proofs.]

The song was The Earl of Oxford’s March. The melancholy man was one of the most undisguised self-outings I ever put into my work. I was famous (okay, infamous) for selling manors, and this reference was specific.

First, here’s the tune.

The Earle of Oxfords Marche

Will Byrd wrote it for me. I don’t recall exactly when, I think it was not long after the defeat of the Armada in 1588.

My march was initially played on virginals, an early keyboard like a small harpsichord. The digitised version above uses the original (or earliest known) score, found in Volume II of the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book.

Since then, most arrangements feature timpani and horns. Drums and trumpets. It’s a stately yet martial fanfare, popular with brass bands.

The post banner shows the first four bars of the original arrangement. You can see the whole thing at musescore.com, which is also where the audio file came from. The internet is a gift.

William Byrd (c.1540-1623) is described as the greatest composer of the English Renaissance, possibly of everyone else’s Renaissance too. His teacher was Thomas Tallis (c.1505-1585), who composed and performed for every Tudor monarch except the first one.

Will sang like a sorry that’s too easy, and he played keys like an unplugged Rick Wakeman. He knew he was talented and he aimed high, to make a name for himself. He earned stipends from influential patrons including Elizabeth and myself.

About that goodly manor: in addition to the stipend, I once helped Will out of a serious jam over a botched real-estate deal. Long story short, his brother John got a bargain on one of my Essex properties, I got the song and the line for my play, and the English language got a new expression for selling (or buying) something at a knockdown price.

No one else would write that line.

For more details, especially about the music, you won’t find anything better than this 1998 article, William Byrd’s ‘Battle’ and the Earl of Oxford, by Sally Mosher, at the Shakespeare Oxford Fellowship website.YouTube contains a wide assortment of orchestrations, arrangements, and performances of my march. Here’s a playlist with twenty of them. Let the video run and it will play them all.